Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

IFL2 update … and online lectures?

IFL2 should be published this month. You can admire the cover and “look inside” at an excerpt here, courtesy of CUP  (though the first chapter is not particularly representative). There’s more info at the book’s homepage here. I’m gradually populating … Continue reading → The post IFL2 update … and online lectures? appeared first on Logic [More]

PhD-project "Will democracy survive social media?"

Job List:  Europe Name of institution:  Eindhoven University of Technology Town:  Eindhoven Country:  Netherlands Job Description:  Social media has become an essential space of public and semi-public discourse, and has the potential for a second wave of digital democracy by increasing access to information and greatly lowering the barrier of participation in public debates. The last few years, however, have also shown some of the risks that are present in social media. Fake news, disinformation, manipulation and disguised propaganda in social media have contributed to a post-truth era in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal [More]

Post-Doc in the project: Behaviour change technologies for moral improvement: Moral skilfulness and moral struggle.

Job List:  Europe Name of institution:  Eindhoven University of Technology Town:  Eindhoven Country:  Netherlands Job Description:  The TU/e is looking for candidates for a Philosophy & Ethics Post-Doc in the project: Behaviour change technologies for moral improvement: Moral skilfulness and moral struggle. This Post-Doc position will be part of the Ethics of Socially Disruptive Technologies research programme, a new 10 year long international programme of seven academic institutions in the Netherlands that started in January [More]

Liberalism, Neutrality, and the Gendered Division of Labor

2020.06.01 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Gina Schouten, Liberalism, Neutrality, and the Gendered Division of Labor, Oxford University Press, 2019, 256pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198813071. Reviewed by Christie Hartley, Georgia State University Despite the implementation of laws and policies that aim to address gender discrimination in education and employment and women's increased participation in the labor market, the gendered division of labor in paid and unpaid work persists. Women, as well as other caregivers, are disadvantaged as a result. Carefully crafted policy initiatives could rectify the stalled gender revolution, but, in the U.S. and in many other liberal democracies, the necessary policies are not adopted. In these states, people have different views of the good life and of justice, and they disagree about what, if anything, should be done to address the gendered division of labor. In her book, Gina Schouten offers a sophisticated analysis of some previous attempts to explain the problem with the... Read [More]

Philosophy of Biology

[Revised entry by Jay Odenbaugh and Paul Griffiths on June 1, 2020. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The growth of philosophical interest in biology over the past forty years reflects the increasing prominence of the biological sciences in the same period. There is now an extensive literature on many different biological topics, and it would be impossible to summarise this body of work in this single entry. Instead, this entry sets out to explain what philosophy of biology is. Why does biology matter to philosophy and vice versa? A list of the entries in the encyclopedia which address specific topics in the philosophy [More]

The World as a Giant Lego Tower

Over the history of the Lego company, more than 600 billion plastic bricks have been produced, which means about a hundred bricks for every living person on Earth. Impressive, but it amounts to only 1.5 Gt of carbon in total (2.5 grams per brick), that is about 15% of the yearly carbon emissions produced by burning fossil fuels. Of course, being the bricks solid, they won't contribute to global warming, but they will slowly degrade and enter the food chain. Our descendants (if there will be any) will eat the toys we played with!  But, here, Federico Tabellini is not discussing the pollution caused by Lego bricks but uses them as a metaphor for our society. (UB)  Guest Post by Federico TabelliniWe did not choose the bricks inside the box. it was bought at the toy store and they were already there when we opened the box. At the moment, the toy store has no other boxes for sale. The big Lego brick that constitutes the foundation of the tower has a fixed number and distribution of holes. It follows that the smaller bricks that we add on top of this, which give shape to the tower, interlock with the foundation brick only if their ledges are compatible with its holes.The stability of the tower, they say, is a function of the compatibility of the bricks with one another and with the structure as a whole. The most important brick is of course the one at the bottom. Forcing incompatible bricks into the foundation brick over and over, with time we can damage its holes [More]

Force, Drive, Desire: A Philosophy of Psychoanalysis

2020.05.20 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Rudolf Bernet, Force, Drive, Desire: A Philosophy of Psychoanalysis, Sarah Allen (tr.), Northwestern University Press, 2020, 391pp., $39.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780810142237. Reviewed by Daniel J. Smith, The University of Memphis The relationship between philosophy and psychoanalysis has been an object of heated discussion for as long as the latter discipline has existed. Freud was famously suspicious of philosophy. Styling himself a hard-nosed man of science, he classed philosophy alongside superstition, religion, and myth as a prescientific way of thinking whose persistence in the modern world can be explained only by analogy with paranoid fantasy.[1] Among the various branches of philosophy, it was metaphysics that impressed him least. In his published work he wrote of the need to replace fanciful notions of "transcendental reality" with a scientific "psychology of the unconscious" and thereby "transform metaphysics into metapsychology" (ibid.); in private he confessed that I... Read [More]