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Levels of Organization in Biology

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[New Entry by Markus I. Eronen and Daniel Stephen Brooks on February 5, 2018.] Levels of organization are structures in nature, usually defined by part-whole relationships, with things at higher levels being composed of things at the next lower level. Typical levels of organization that one finds in the literature include the atomic, molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organismal, group, population, community, ecosystem, landscape, and biosphere levels. References to levels of organization and related hierarchical depictions of nature are prominent in the life sciences and their philosophical study, and appear not only in...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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