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The Medieval Problem of Universals

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[Revised entry by Gyula Klima on October 31, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html] "The problem of universals" in general is a historically variable bundle of several closely related, yet in different conceptual frameworks rather differently articulated metaphysical, logical, and epistemological questions, ultimately all connected to the issue of how universal cognition of singular things is possible. How do we know, for example, that the Pythagorean theorem holds universally, for all possible right triangles? Indeed, how can we have any awareness of a potential infinity of all...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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