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Leibniz on Causation

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[Revised entry by Marc Bobro on September 6, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Substances, according to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 - 1716), always act; furthermore, since even finite, created substances are naturally indestructible and thus immortal, substances continue to act forever. To what or to whom do substances causally owe their action? In Leibniz's day, this question more or less becomes a question about the causal role of God. Is God the only genuine causal agent in nature? Or does God's causal contribution, at least in the ordinary development of nature, consist "merely" in the...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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