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Self-Reference

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[Revised entry by Thomas Bolander on August 31, 2017. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] In the context of language, self-reference is used to denote a statement that refers to itself or its own referent. The most famous example of a self-referential sentence is the liar sentence: "This sentence is not true." Self-reference is often used in a broader context as well. For instance, a picture could be considered self-referential if it contains a copy of itself (see the animated image above); and a piece of literature could be considered self-referential if it includes a reference to the work itself. In...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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